288105 Chemical Grafting of Chromatographic Resins for the Selective Adsorption of Pegylated Proteins
Chemical grafting of chromatographic resins for the selective adsorption of PEGylated proteins.
Hernandez-Martínez Agustín; Aguilar Oscar*
Centro de Biotecnología-FEMSA. Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Monterrey.
Av. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501 Sur, Col. Tecnológico Monterrey, México C.P. 64849
*corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
PEGylation reaction, or covalent attachment of a polyethylene glycol (PEG) molecule to a therapeutic protein is a recent strategy still in development aiming to increase the pharmacologic effect and decrease the degradation rate of the protein during its circulation in the body. One of the main challenges in the production of PEGylated proteins is related with the downstream processing, due to the complex mixture of reaction products, resulting in a population comprising mono- and di-PEGylated species as well as several positional isomers. The resolution and characterization of these positional isomers gains higher relevance due to the fact that in most of the cases only one of the isomers exhibits the desired therapeutic effect.
Recent reports of our group suggest that PEGyilated proteing exhibit a marked prefference for the PEG-rich phase of a PEG/salt aqueous two-phase system (ATPS)1 suggesting a posible affinity partitioning that could be applied to a PEGylated surface such as the chromatografic resin.
Sepharose 6B was subjected to chemical modification according to the protocol reported by Sundberg and Porath2 for the covalent attachment of PEG 550, PEG 2000 and PEG 5000. The amount of polymer covalently linked to the resin was determined to be from 138 to 180 mg PEG/g resin. An increase in the static binding capacity in HIC conditions was observed for the three modified resins (3.0, 3.6 and 2.6 mg BSA/mL resin respectively), as compared to the unmodified Sepharose 6B (1.2 mg BSA/mL), suggesting changes in hydrophobicity of the resins due to the PEG molecule.
Dynamic binding capacities were determined for the three modified supports in 1 mL Tricorn columns using a Äkta Prime system (GE Healthcare) under the conditions reported by Cisneros-Ruiz et al. (2009)3 (Figure 1), showing a decrease in DBC fro BSA between the unmodified Sepharose compared to modified resins. Different capacities were observed between the molecular weight of the polymer used for grafting the chromatographic curface, mainly due to the difference in the chain length, having a direct impact on the hydrophobicity of the resin. Additionally a change in the conformation of the polymer attached to the resin creates a different environment for protein adsorption.
The potential application of these modified resins for the isolation and purification of PEGylated products is under study. Preliminaty results indicate the potential use of these resins for the isolation of PEGylated products from the reaction mixture, without the need for additional SEC or IEX previous steps (Figure 2). An optimization of the separation conditions is needed, but the potential for peak resolution would open the way for an integrated process for primary extraction and purification of PEGylated proteins from reaction mixtures.
1- González-Valdez J, Cueto L, Benavides J, Rito-Palomares M. Potential application of aqueous two-phase systems for the fractionation of RNase A and a-Lactalbumin from their PEGylated conjugates. J Chem Technol Biotechnol. 86 (2011) 26–33.
2- Sundberg L, Porath J. Preparation of adsorbents for biospecific affinity chromatography: I. Attachment of group-containing ligands to insoluble polymers by means of bifunctional oxiranes. J. Chromatogr. 90 (1974) 87-96
3- Cisneros-Ruiz M, Mayolo-Deloisa K, Przybycien TM, Rito-Palomares, M. Separation of PEGylated from unmodified ribonuclease A using sepharose media. Sep Pur Technol 65 (2009) 105–109
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