285885 Looped Carbon Capturing and Environmental Remediation: Case Study of Magnetic Polypropylene Nanocomposites

Monday, October 29, 2012: 3:45 PM
325 (Convention Center )
Jiahua Zhu1, Hongbo Gu1, Sowjanya B. Rapole1, Minjiao Chen1, Suying Wei2 and Zhanhu Guo1, (1)Integrated Composites Laboratory (ICL), Dan F Smith Department of Chemical Engineering, Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, (2)Chemistry and Biochemistry, Lamar University, Beaumont, TX

A waste-free process to recycle Fe@Fe2O3/polypropylene (PP) polymer nanocomposites (PNCs) is introduced to synthesize magnetic carbon nanocomposites (MCNCs) and simultaneously produce useful chemical species which can be utilized as feedstock in petrochemical industry. The magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) are found to have an effective catalytic activity on the pyrolysis of PP. The PNCs (with a NP loading of 20.0 wt%) undergo a complete degradatisxcsxaxazxasxzasason  with 2-hour pyrolysis at 500 oC in the H2/Ar atmosphere and the degradation components exhibit a distribution of different carbon number species, while only 40% of pure PP is decomposed after applying the same pyrolytic conditions. The coked solid waste in the conventional process has been utilized as carbon source to form a protective carbon shell surrounding the magnetic NPs. The magnetic carbon nanocomposites (MCNCs) pyrolyzed from PNCs containing 20.0 wt% NPs demonstrate an extremely fast Cr(VI) removal from the wastewater with an almost complete removal of Cr(VI) within 10 min. The pH effect on the Cr(VI) removal efficiency is investigated with a preferable value of 1-3. The adsorbent exhibits much higher adsorption capacity in the acidic solutions than that in the alkali solutions. The large saturation magnetization (32.5 emu g-1) of these novel magnetic carbon nanocomposites allows fast recycling of both the adsorbents and the adsorbed Cr(VI) from liquid suspension in a more energetically and economically sustainable way by simply applying a permanent magnet. The significantly reduced treatment time required to remove the Cr(VI) makes these MCNCs promising for efficient removal of the heavy metals from the wastewater. Kinetic investigation reveals a pseudo-second-order adsorption of Cr(VI) on these novel magnetic carbon nanocomposite adsorbents.

Extended Abstract: File Not Uploaded
See more of this Session: Sustainable Chemicals: Advances in Innovative Processes
See more of this Group/Topical: Environmental Division