284291 A Molecularly-Constructed Cubic Equation of State for Nonassociating Fluids

Wednesday, October 31, 2012: 5:03 PM
412 (Convention Center )
Arthur S. Gow, Dept of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, University of New Haven, West Haven, CT and Shenali Parikh, Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA

Classical engineering cubic equations of state (e.g., Soave-Redlich-Kwong and Peng-Robinson EOS) present difficulties when applied to systems at extreme conditions or which contain polar components. Conversely, molecularly-based equations of state (i.e., statistical associating fluid theory EOS and its many variants) are much more accurate when successfully applied to such systems; however, their application is computationally complex due to their large number of molar volume roots and nested iterations. An optimum solution to this dilemma is to develop a formalism for design of equations of state which retain the computationally attractive cubic in molar volume form while incorporating the rich molecular level behavior of the species involved.

This talk will investigate one such route to obtaining a molecularly-based cubic EOS. Molecules are considered (as in the SAFT approach) to be made of bonded segments (chains), which undergo repulsive, dispersive, and structure-dependent multi-polar interactions with each other. A simple molecular theory is used for each contribution to the Helmholtz free energy, which remarkably results in an equation of state which is cubic in molar volume. The repulsive contribution to the compressibility factor is obtained from an exact fit of hard-sphere molecular simulation data. Moreover, this simple expression produces a self-consistent analytical form of the reference hard-sphere fluid radial distribution function (RDF), which is used with the square-well intermolecular potential to obtain analytical solutions to the perturbation integrals for dispersion and dipole-dipole interactions. Furthermore, Wertheim’s (first thermodynamic perturbation theory) TPT1 is applied to the reference fluid RDF to obtain an expression for the Helmholtz free energy of chain formation. The EOS contains two universal and four substance specific parameters. Finally, some typical results for pure fluids are presented, and recommendations for future work are discussed including a variation of scaled-particle theory, which is proposed for association.


Extended Abstract: File Not Uploaded
See more of this Session: Thermophysical Properties and Phase Behavior V
See more of this Group/Topical: Engineering Sciences and Fundamentals