283312 Controlled Fabrication of Multiscale Architecture and Functionality in Layer by Layer Assembled Composites

Tuesday, October 30, 2012: 9:58 AM
Cambria East (Westin )
Christine M. Andres, Jian Zhu, Huanan Zhang and Nicholas A. Kotov, Chemical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Hybrid composites create functional materials with enhanced and diversified properties as compared to their bulk counterparts. However, actual application of the highly desired properties of nanomaterials into functional devices requires radically new approaches to fabrication which achieve multiple combinations of diverse materials and complex multi-scale 3D architectures in a simple, low cost and versatile approach. Typical methods for preparing materials with 3D microscale features are often restricted by limited material variability, wasteful processing and challenging transitions to macroscale materials. Layer-by-layer assembly (LBL), the sequential adsorption of monolayers attracted by chemical forces, is an excellent technique for the fabrication of an extensive variety of highly controlled nanocomposites with exceptional properties unavailable by other means. Here we present a toolbox of new approaches to introduce controlled multiscale architecture to LBL materials for the simple transition into advanced technology platforms. As the ability to precisely tune material properties is critical for successful development of novel and improved functionalities, the developed techniques based on inkjet printing, photolithography, and colloidal crystal templates provide systematic control of chemical and structural features from the molecular scale through the macroscale. We will demonstrate successful elimination of intermediate rinsing steps for the generation of direct-write patterning of LBL materials, the creation of self-supporting channels, microcontainers and actuators from LBL materials, the creation of unique self-folding structures and finally 3D porous macroscale structures from LBL materials with controllable thermal expansion properties.

Extended Abstract: File Not Uploaded
See more of this Session: Processing of Nanocomposites
See more of this Group/Topical: Materials Engineering and Sciences Division