283254 Comprehensive Utilization of Rice Husks

Monday, October 29, 2012: 2:05 PM
325 (Convention Center )
Haoran Chen1, Weixing Wang2, Jarett C. Martin1, Adam Oliphant1, Katelyn Deborn1, Lishan Liang2, Wenxi Huang2, Hong Wang2 and Luyi Sun1, (1)Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas State University-San Marcos, San Marcos, TX, (2)Department of Chemical Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China

The annual global production of rice husks (RHs) is ca. 170 million tons. The current application of RHs has been very limited, mainly owing to their tough, woody, abrasive nature, low nutritive properties, great bulk, and high ash content. Therefore, RHs are widely considered as a bio-waste. RHs are mainly composed of lignocellulose (ca. 85 wt%) and hydrated silica (ca. 15 wt%). An approach for comprehensive utilization of RHs has been developed to prepare lignocellulose and silica nanoparticles from this biowaste.  Majority of the lignocellulose was firstly extracted from RHs by dissolving in ionic liquids (ILs). The dissolved lignocellulose was subsequently separated and can be used as a starting material for fabric products, biofuel, etc. The remaining RH residues after extraction that contain a high concentration of hydrated silica were thermally treated to synthesize silica nanoparticles with a high purity and surface area. The implication of the present findings is discussed.

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See more of this Session: Sustainable Fuel From Renewable Resources
See more of this Group/Topical: Environmental Division