282879 Pretreatment of Wheat Straw Using the H2O-SO2 System At Elevated Temperatures

Wednesday, October 31, 2012
Hall B (Convention Center )
Weina Liu1, Yucui Hou2, Muge Niu1 and Weize Wu1, (1)Department of Chemical Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, China, (2)Department of Chemistry, Taiyuan Normal University, Taiyuan, China

Efficient pretreatment process is important for complete enzymatic conversion of lignocellulosic material. In this work, sulphur dioxide (SO2) dissolved in hot water was demonstrated as an efficient system for the pretreatment of wheat straw. The xylose and total products yields were up to 61.05% and 93.89%, respectively, based on the mass of lignocellulose in wheat straw. Kinetic modeling based on experimental data suggested that the activation energies of hemicellulose conversion and xylose dehydration were 7.8 and 9.0 kJ/mol. FT-IR spectra of the residual solid after treatment show that the hemicellulosic components were converted, the hydrogen bonds in cellulose were broken, but the lignin structure has no obvious changes. Importantly, SO2 could be recovered from product mixture by steam stripping to make SO2 reusable. In this work, we provide an efficient and environmentally friendly way to pre-treat wheat straw hemicellulose in SO2+H2O system.

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21176020), the Beijing Natural Science Foundation (2082017), and the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-08-0710)

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See more of this Session: Poster Session: Sustainability and Sustainable Biorefineries
See more of this Group/Topical: Sustainable Engineering Forum