280668 Synthesis of Organosilicon Complexes From Rice Husk Derived Silica Nanoparticles

Monday, October 29, 2012: 4:45 PM
325 (Convention Center )
Weixing Wang1, Jarett C. Martin2, Rongcai Huang2, Wensi Huang1, Anhua Liu3, Aijie Han4 and Luyi Sun2, (1)Department of Chemical Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China, (2)Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas State University-San Marcos, San Marcos, TX, (3)Materials Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China, (4)Department of Chemistry, University of Texas-Pan American, Edinburg, TX

Organosilicon compounds are a group of important materials with widespread applications. However, their synthesis has been relying mainly on the carbothermal reduction of silica to silicon and subsequent reaction between silicon and alkyl or aryl chloride. This multi-step approach involves high temperature, high pressure, and strong acidity, which is energy-intensive, expensive, and eco-hazardous. An alternative approach was explored to synthesize organosilicon complexes via a green chemical process using silica nanoparticles derived from rice husk (RH) biomass as the starting material. By controlling the pre-treatment of RHs and pyrolysis conditions, silica samples with various surface areas and levels of crystallinity were synthesized. Such silica can be converted to silicon complexes via a low temperature approach. The synthesized silicon complexes were characterized by 1H, 13C, 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance and elemental analysis. Overall, the biogenic silica nanoparticles with high surface area and low crystallinity exhibit high reactivity. Thanks to their high reactivity and low cost, such biogenic silica nanoparticles from RHs can serve as an ideal starting material for producing organosilicon complexes.

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See more of this Session: Sustainable Chemicals: Advances in Innovative Processes
See more of this Group/Topical: Environmental Division