279873 Dynamic Adhesion Assays for Understanding the Significance of CD151 in the Metastatic Cascade

Monday, October 29, 2012: 2:18 PM
Somerset East (Westin )
Jennifer Fischer1, Adrianne Shearer1, Xiuwei Yang2, Christine Trinkle3, Richard Eitel1 and Kimberly W. Anderson1, (1)Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, (2)Molecular and Biomedical Pharmacology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, (3)Mechanical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY

Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States, with metastatic lesions resulting from circulating tumor cells (CTCs) most often causing the mortality.  The basic steps of the metastatic cascade, from initial tumor formation to growth at a secondary site, are a linear sequence of steps composed of a network of mechanisms that are not well understood.  One of these steps, the adhesion of cancer cells to endothelial cells during dissemination, is the focus of this research.  Specifically, the influence of CD151, a gene that encodes a cell surface glycoprotein that is known to complex with integrins and enhance cancer cell motility, invasion and metastasis was studied.  To study the influence of CD151, a prostate cancer cell line (PC3) and a breast cancer cell line (sum149) were employed in dynamic adhesion assays in which the expression of CD151 was knocked down on the cancer cells using shRNA gene silencing.  Both the knocked down and unmodified lines were utilized to quantify adhesive strength and frequency of adherence to endothelial monolayers originating from different microvessels.  The microvessels compared were veins and arteries, which were simulated using Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell (HUVEC) monolayers and Human Umbilical Arterial Endothelial Cell (HUAEC) monolayers.  A parallel plate flow chamber system was utilized to investigate these properties under flow at various shear stresses ranging from 0.25 dynes/cm2 to 15 dynes/cm2 to cover the range of most physiologically relevant shears.  Preliminary results indicate that the presence of CD151 leads to enhanced initial adhesion of prostate cancer cells to HUVECs, but retention rates were unaffected by CD151 expression once those cells became firmly adhered. Results from PC3 adhesion to HUAECs as well as from the sum149 adhesion assays will also be presented.

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