279026 The Oxidation Kinetics of Two Step Solar Thermochemical H2O and CO2 Splitting with CeO2

Wednesday, October 31, 2012: 8:30 AM
305 (Convention Center )
Darwin Arifin, Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, Anthony H. McDaniel, Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA and Alan W. Weimer, Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO

The two step solar thermochemical H2O and CO2 splitting with CeO2 has been investigated. We observe that the thermal reduction process of CeO2, to form the nonstoichiometric CeO2-δ, is fast for particles of order 5 µm diameters. Furthermore, we introduce a novel numerical model fitting method to implement solid state kinetics theory to study the oxidation process of CeO2-δ. The advantage of this method is that the kinetic parameters obtained are fitted over the complete conversion range and not limited to a specific range of reaction extent. We are unaware of this methodology used to analyze high temperature ceria kinetics elsewhere in the literature.

The objective of the kinetic analysis is to determine the intrinsic kinetic parameters of the oxidation process: energy of activation (Ea), reaction mechanism (f(α)), and oxidant concentration dependence (γ). In this work, we determine that the oxidation of CeO2-δ by H2O and CO2 is surface reaction limited in the range of 0 < d < 0.04. The H2O oxidation kinetics can be modeled very well; the kinetic parameter for the water splitting reaction is reported. CO2 oxidation on the other hand, cannot be adequately described by a simple application of solid state kinetic theory because it fails to describe the complete temporal behavior of the CO evolution process.

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See more of this Session: Advances In Thermochemical Hydrogen Production
See more of this Group/Topical: 2012 International Congress on Energy (ICE)