278431 Clean Pyrolytic Sugars Solution

Wednesday, October 31, 2012: 12:55 PM
304 (Convention Center )
Marjorie Rover1, Patrick Johnston1, Laura Jarboe2 and Robert C. Brown3, (1)Center for Sustainable Environmental Technologies, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, (2)Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, (3)Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA

This study focuses on the effective removal of contaminants from pyrolytic sugar to produce a suitable fermentation substrate. Pyrolytic sugars contain small percentages of other water soluble constituents such as low molecular weight acids, furfural, phenols, as well as other contaminants. A novel approach to “cleaning” the pyrolytic sugars prior to microbial fermentation has been developed and we will present our recent findings, innovative advances and strategies.

Bio-oil may be the most economical approach to advanced biofuel production. Produced from the fast pyrolysis of biomass, bio-oil contains hundreds of chemical compounds. Among the most commercially important components of bio-oil are sugars and phenols.

Significant progress has been achieved in the advancement of bio-oil collection, allowing for an effective bio-oil fractionation method for the separation of the pyrolytic sugars and the lignin derived constituents. A simple “water wash” removes the soluble sugars from the water insoluble components, providing a potential aqueous fermentable sugar stream.

This research focuses on various strategies and separation techniques to remove contaminants from the pyrolytic sugar stream.

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