274064 Computer Simulation of Vesicles and Vesicle Suspensions in Flow

Wednesday, October 31, 2012: 8:30 AM
409 (Convention Center )
Eric S.G. Shaqfeh, Chemical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA

It is well known that individual vesicles or liposomes (i.e. fluid enclosed by a lipid bilayer membrane suspended in a second fluid) are characterized by a remarkable dynamics in flow. For vesicles that are “near spheres” this dynamics includes at least 5 different types of orbits in shear flow that are functions of the viscosity ratio between the inner and outer fluid as well as the Capillary number based on the bending modulus. However, this dynamics becomes even more rich as the reduced volume falls below about 0.65 where now there are atleast three equilibrium shapes (prolates, discocytes, and stomatocytes) which are linearly stable. It is therefore not surprising that a suspension of vesicles is characterized by fascinating collective behavior as well. I will discuss our recent development of a numerical code (based on Loop subdivision) which allows the Stokes flow simulation of non-dilute suspensions of vesicles and capsules at essentially any value of the reduced volume. We will then use these numerical simulations to examine a number of interesting phenomena including: 1) The lift of a vesicle away from a wall and the resulting “Fahraeus-Lindqvist” layer for the flow of a wall-bound suspension of vesicles,  2) The effective rheology and dynamics of a non-dilute vesicle suspension under shear, and 3) The effect of Brownian motion on the dynamics of vesicles in flow.

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See more of this Session: Complex Fluids
See more of this Group/Topical: Engineering Sciences and Fundamentals