273265 Theoretical Analysis of the Effect of Particle Size and Support On the Kinetics of Oxygen Reduction Reaction On Platinum Nanoparticles

Wednesday, October 31, 2012: 5:15 PM
317 (Convention Center )
Venkatasubramanian Viswanathan and Frank Wang, Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA

We present a first-principles based computational analysis of the effect of particle size and support material on the electrocatalytic activity of platinum nanoparticles. Using a mechanism for oxygen reduction that accounts for electric field effects and stabilization from the water layer on the (111) and (100) facets, we show that the model used agrees well with linear sweep voltammetry and rotating ring disk electrode experiments. We find that the per-site activity of the nanoparticle saturates for larger particles beyond 4 nm and show that the optimal particle size is in the range of 2.5-3.5 nm, which agrees well with recent experimental work. We examine the effect of support material and show that the perimeter sites on the metal-support interface are important in determining the activity of the nanoparticles. We also develop simple geometric estimates for the activity which can be used for examining the activity of other particle shapes and sizes.

Extended Abstract: File Not Uploaded
See more of this Session: Electrocatalysis for PEM Fuel Cells III
See more of this Group/Topical: Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Division