272305 Electrochemically-Mediated Amine Regeneration for Carbon Dioxide Scrubbing Processes

Monday, October 29, 2012: 9:33 AM
413 (Convention Center )
Michael C. Stern1, Fritz Simeon1, Howard Herzog2 and T. Alan Hatton1, (1)Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, (2)MIT Energy Initiative, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

Electrochemical-mediated amine regeneration (EMAR) is an alternative strategy for facilitating CO2 desorption and regeneration of loaded amine solutions exiting the absorber in CO2 scrubbing processes.  The traditional methods used is either a thermal-swing regeneration or pressure-swing regeneration.  The strong affinity for amine molecules to form aqueous complexes with cupric ions is exploited in the EMAR process to release the COfrom the amines isothermally through competitive binding.  Electrochemical systems offer several advantages over thermal systems including significantly lower lean loadings, less required internal reconfiguration of the turbine systems, and more flexible operation that allows power to be redirected back to the grid in the event of a spike in energy demand.

Development of an efficient EMAR process requires both investigation into the chemistry and system design to address the thermodynamic, kinetic, and transport phenomena.  Selection of the correct amine molecule to achieve desirable thermodynamic and kinetics properties requires careful consideration of the CO2 reaction equilibrium and the stability constant of the copper complex formation. While strong copper binding is required to elicit the release of the CO2, amines that complex too strongly to the cupric ions will greatly hinder the electrochemical kinetics of the amine/copper reactions.  The kinetics of these reactions in the presence of CO2, which have not been previously investigated, will be discussed.

A variety of voltammetric techniques will be used to assess the electrochemical kinetics for several different amine species in the presence and absence of CO­2.  We will compare results from small-scale operation in a 5 mL three electrode setup to a bench scale system capable of running at several amperes.  The results will be used to show the feasibility of large scale systems through kinetic models.

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See more of this Session: Advances in CO2 Capture
See more of this Group/Topical: Engineering Sciences and Fundamentals