271075 A Predictive Model for Coupled Polymer Degradation, Erosion, and Drug Release in PLGA Biodegradable Stent Coatings
Drug release from Poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) stent coatings typically has multiple stages and is an intricate process controlled by polymer degradation (change of polymer molecular weight), erosion (change of coating mass), and drug transport . Designing such controlled release systems still heavily rely on trial-and-error experimental procedures. While models describing drug delivery from biodurable stent coatings are relatively abundant (e.g., [2, 3]), very limited models are currently available for bulk-eroding PLGA systems that take into account the impact of degradation and erosion on drug release, especially for PLGA stent coatings (e.g., [1, 4]).
This work focuses on the development of a predictive model for the coupled degradation, erosion, and drug release in PLGA stent coatings. Analytical expressions of PLGA coating degradation and erosion are derived, which greatly reduces the complexity of using a computational intensive model such as in . The analytical model demonstrate good predictions of polymer molecular weight and coating erosion rates in different experiments reported in the literature [6-8]. Then an integrated model of drug release from a PLGA coating is presented. Simultaneous drug diffusion transport through the polymer matrix and pores is modeled for the first time for a stent coating and the model is validated for in vitrosirolimus release with good agreement with the experimental data in . Such a contribution of drug release from diffusion through the porous structure is often overlooked in published models that assume the drug diffusivity is constant or solely dependent on polymer molecular weight change. The model developed here is potentially useful for optimizing the design of PLGA coatings to produce target drug release profiles.
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See more of this Group/Topical: Food, Pharmaceutical & Bioengineering Division - See also TI: Comprehensive Quality by Design in Pharmaceutical Development and Manufacture