270438 Molecular Compositions and Structures of Heterogeneous Catalysts

Wednesday, October 31, 2012: 4:15 PM
319 (Convention Center )
Bradley F. Chmelka, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA

Heterogeneous catalysts exhibit chemical reaction activities and/or selectivities that depend strongly on the local compositional and structural environments of active-site moieties. Such catalytically active species are formed or can be modified during synthesis/processing treatments or subsequent reactor operation. The reactive moieties are generated or influenced by interrelated physicochemical processes, including precipitation, self-assembly, crystallization, ion-exchange, calcination, reduction, and/or adsorption, which generally convolve complicated combinations of thermodynamic, kinetic, and mass transport effects. These processes and their compositional and structural influences on the resulting catalysts are challenging to elucidate and control, in part because of the absence of long-range atomic ordering, distributions of local environments, or complexity of surface interactions. Such processes and features can nevertheless be monitored and understood by combining spectroscopic, scattering, modeling, and macroscopic property analyses to correlate the compositions, structures, and properties of heterogeneous catalysts across multiple length scales. This includes understanding the molecular-level interactions, distributions, and roles of organic structure-directing or surface-modifying species with respect to their influences on the generation or stabilities of active-site moieties. Recent results will be presented on measuring local compositions, structures, and surface interactions in nanostructured solid-acid and/or supported metal catalysts, taking advantage especially of new methodologies and insights provided by solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. These are expected to offer new criteria and opportunities for rational design of heterogeneous catalysts with improved transport, adsorption/reaction, or structural properties for diverse engineering applications.

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See more of this Session: In Honor of Nick Delgass' 70th Birthday III
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