270037 Development of High Performance Dual-Layer Hollow Fiber for Dehydration of Ethanol Through Novel Immiscibility Induced Phase Separation (I2PS) Process

Wednesday, October 31, 2012: 2:00 PM
402 (Convention Center )
Yee Kang Ong and Tai-Shung Chung, Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore

This pioneer study discloses a novel hollow fiber spinning technique, namely immiscibility induced phase separation (I2PS) process to fabricate high performance dual-layer hollow fibers for dehydration of ethanol via pervaporation. As opposed to the conventional composite membrane fabrication method, the I2PS process takes the advantages of phase separation phenomena occurring in immiscible blend dopes made of incompatible polymers. The immiscible blend dopes were simultaneously extruded through a triple orifice spinneret and fabricated into dual-layer hollow fibers consisting of an outer protective layer and an inner selective layer. A defect-free selective layer is formed at the outer surface of the inner layer due to the incompatibility between the polymer solutions of both inner and outer-layers as well as the shielding effect of the outer protective layer that provides a sufficient time for the formation of defect-free selective layer during the phase inversion process.  It is found that the phase inversion kinetics of the outer-layer dope solutions as well as the nature of outer-layer materials play great roles in determining the morphology of the outer protective layers and subsequently affects the permeance of the resultant hollow fibers. On the other hand, the selectivity of the as-spun fibers was found to be controlled by the outer skin of the inner-layer. The novel dual-layer hollow fiber possesses an ultra-high water permeance coupled with reasonable water/ethanol selectivity as compared to the pervaporation membranes available in the literatures. Heat treatment may enhance the selectivity of the aforementioned hollow fibers with some sacrifices of permeance. The present study may provide an innovative approach for hollow fiber fabrication in the future.

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See more of this Session: Membrane Formation
See more of this Group/Topical: Separations Division