265641 Nanoparticles Surface Design Process for Aggregation and Dispersion Behavior Control in Liquid to Apply Functional Material

Monday, October 29, 2012: 9:58 AM
Conference A (Omni )
Hidehiro Kamiya and Motoyuki Iijima, Institute of Engineering, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Koganei, Japan

Nanoparticle and nanomaterials dispersion and aggregation behavior control is one of the most important fundamental processes to apply the functional properties development of energy related devices, such as polymer composite and electrode of Li battery. Surface modification and treatment by using various surfactants and coupling agents with different molecular structure on prepared nanoparticle surfaces in organic solvents were applied to control surface interaction between particles. After surface treatment on nanoparticles in suspension, if surface structure on nanoparticles was almost completely covered and modified by surfactant or coupling agent, hard aggregate or agglomerate of nanoparticles were not formed after evaporating and drying process. Such completely surface modified nanoparticles were able to be re-dispersed into different organic solvent. Uniform nanoparticles dispersed polymer composite or electrode for battery were prepared from the above prepared nanoparticle’s suspension without aggregation. Furthermore, molecular and nanometer scaled surface structure and interaction after various modification and treatment was characterized by using a colloid probe atomic force microscope, AFM, method. Based on the measurement results, the action mechanism of surface modification was discussed.

Reference

Iijima, M., Kobayakawa, M., Yamazaki, M., Ohta, Y., Kamiya, H., (2009). Anionic Surfactant with Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Chains for Nanoparticle Dispersion and Shape Memory Polymer Nanocomposites,  J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(45) 16342-16343.

Iijima, M., Kamiya, H., (2010). Layer-by-Layer Surface Modification of Functional Nanoparticles for Dispersion in Organic Solvents, Langmuir, 26, 17943–48.


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