258061 Potential Carbonyl Condensation Reaction in Detoxification of Phenolic Model Compounds for Bioethanol Fermentation

Wednesday, October 31, 2012
Hall B (Convention Center )
Maobing Tu1, Rui Xie1 and Yonnie Wu2, (1)Auburn University, Auburn, AL, (2)Chemistry and Biochemistry, Auburn University, Auburn, AL

We investigated the inhibitory effects of ortho-phthalaldehyde (OPA) as a phenolic model compound on fermentation and growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and its alkaline detoxification. OPA was a potent inhibitor on fermentation and growth of S. cerevisiae compared to vanillin, furfural and hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF) at the same concentration level. The inhibition of OPA on fermentation and growth of S. cerevisiae was dose dependent. Ethanol production and growth of S. cerevisiae were both completely inhibited in the presence of 1.0 mM OPA. The inhibition on fermentation and growth of the yeast decreased with the decrease of the OPA concentration between 0.02 mM-1.0 mM. OPA at 0.02 mM showed no inhibition on both fermentation and growth of yeast, the ethanol final yield was even increased by 4.6% compared to the control. The inhibition of OPA could be overcome by increasing inoculation size of yeast. Most interestingly, we found OPA inhibition could be detoxified under alkaline condition (pH~10) at 60 °C for 2 h in the presence of a reducing sugar (ketose or aldose), but not non-reducing sugar. Mass spectral analysis of OPA reaction products in negative ion mode revealed a high intensity mass at 313.09 m/z. This mass was predicted to be the aldol reaction product of reducing sugar and OPA under alkaline condition. One of the CHO groups on OPA was converted into hydroxyl group by nucleophilic addition of enolate ion of reducing sugar. Loss of one CHO group of OPA could be the key factor for the removal of OPA inhibition.

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See more of this Session: Poster Session: Sustainability and Sustainable Biorefineries
See more of this Group/Topical: Sustainable Engineering Forum