254155 Advances In Aerobic Granule Formation and Granule Stability

Tuesday, October 30, 2012: 2:35 PM
Allegheny I (Westin )
Duu-Jong Lee, Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

Aerobic granulation is drawing increasing global interest in a quest for an efficient and innovative technology in wastewater treatment. Developed less than two decades ago, extensive research work on aerobic granulation has been reported1,2. Instability of the granule, which is one of the main problems that hinder practical application of aerobic granulation technology, is still to be resolved. This paper presents a review of the literature in aerobic granulation focusing on factors that influence granule formation, granule development and their stability in the context of sludge granulation. The review attempts to shed light on the potential of developing granules with adequate structural stability for practical applications. Possibilities and perspective of using stored granule as inoculums for rapid startup, and as microbial supplement to enhance treatment of bioreactor systems are also discussed.


  1. S. S. Adav, D. J. Lee, K. Y. Show, J. H. Tay, “Aerobic granule sludge: recent advances,” Biotechnology Advances 26, 411-423 (2008)
  2. D. J. Lee, Y. Y. Chen, K. Y. Show, C. G. Whiteley, J. H. Tay, “Advances in aerobic granule formation and granule stability in the course of storage and reactor operation,” Biotechnology Advances, 28, 919-934 (2010)

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