250093 Experimentally Measured Thermal Transport Properties of Aluminum-Polytetrafluoroethylene Nanocomposites with Graphene and Carbon Nanotube Additives

Wednesday, October 31, 2012: 10:22 AM
311 (Convention Center )
Keerti Kappagantula, Mechanical Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX and Michelle Pantoya, Mechanical Engineering Department, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX

Reactive materials such as aluminum and polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon) are used for energy generation applications and specifically in ordnance technologies. With the advent of nanotechnology various nanoscale additives have become incorporated into reactive material formulations with the hope of enhanced performance. An important component to the study of energy generation is an examination of energy transport through a reactant matrix. This study examines an experimental approach to quantifying thermal properties of an aluminum-polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon) nanocomposite reactant matrix that has been impregnated with carbon additives. Various structures of carbon are investigated and include amorphous nanoscale carbon spheres (nano C), graphene flakes and unaligned multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The additives were selected based on their completely different structures with the hypothesis that the structure of the additive will influence the thermal transport properties of the matrix. Results show graphene has the greatest influence on the thermophysical properties. For example, thermal conductivity of the composites containing graphene increased by 98%. Graphene similarly enhanced the thermal diffusivity and specific heat of the Al/Teflon matrix. Conversely, nano C and CNTs decreased the thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity of the samples significantly.

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