Single-Walled Aluminosilicate Nanotubes with Organic-Modified Interiors

Tuesday, October 18, 2011: 4:35 PM
M100 J (Minneapolis Convention Center)
Dun-Yen Kang, Ji Zang, Christopher W. Jones and Sankar Nair, School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

This talk describes a methodology for modifying the interior of single-walled metal oxide (aluminosilicate) nanotubes by covalently immobilizing organic functional entities on the interior surface of the nanotube structure. Characterization of the modified nanotubes by a range of solid-state characterization techniques - including nitrogen physisorption, thermogravimetric analysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), and solid-state NMR - strongly indicates that the organic entities are immobilized on the inner surface of the nanotubes by reaction with the silanol groups on the interior wall of the nanotube. The resulting organic-modified SWNTs show higher hydrophobicity than bare nanotubes based upon water adsorption measurements. Furthermore, a mechanistic understanding of water adsorption in the modified SWNTs is developed, by interpretation of the water adsorption data with a multilayer adsorption model. The degree of interior surface silanol substitution is estimated, with up to 35% of the silanols being substituted through the present modification chemistry. This methodology of immobilizing various functional entities at the inner wall of aluminosilicate nanotubes opens up a range of previously inaccessible “molecular recognition”-based applications for nanotube materials in areas such as catalysis, molecular encapsulation, sensing, and separation.

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See more of this Session: Functional Nanoparticles and Nanocoatings on Particles I
See more of this Group/Topical: Particle Technology Forum