Zinc oxide sorbents have been considered to be favorable for H2S removal. The dopant Cu plays significant role in improving the performance of of ZnO sorbents.Well prepared model sorbents are necessary to study the changes in oxidation states ,diffusion,thermal induced sintering,surface chemical reactions upon Sulfidation and regeneration.
Model sorbents have been prepared by RF-DC magnetron sputtering .Varying compositions of Cu-Zinc oxides are co-sputtered on to RCA cleaned Silicon wafers using Argon and oxygen as the inlet gases.Sulfided samples are prepared exsitu by passing H2S.Stuctural changes of the calcined vs sulfided sorbents are investigated by SEM-EDX and XRD,AFM.Oxidation states and atomic ratios are confirmed by XPS. Oxidative regeneration of “sulfided” sorbents by oxygen was studied in-situ by the temperature-dependent XPS. Changes in oxidation states of sulfur and the metal ions present in the sorbents, as well dynamics of ionic diffusion, depend on the temperature and oxygen partial pressure.