Metal Ion Adsorption by Chitosan and Alginate Gel Nanoparticles and Microparticles for Water Purification Applications

Monday, November 8, 2010: 9:45 AM
Grand Ballroom A (Marriott Downtown)
Kun Yu, Jackie Ho and Nina C. Shapley, Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ

Chitosan and alginate are both low-cost natural materials used for the removal of metal ions from aqueous solutions. In this research, three different concentrations of chitosan gel nanoparticles were synthesized by ionic cross-linking with sodium tripolyphosphate and characterized by zeta-sizing and TEM. The adsorption capability of Cu2+ from copper sulfate solution onto chitosan nanoparticles and calcium-alginate gel microbeads at fixed pH has been explored. Results show that the equilibrium adsorption properties of chitosan nanoparticles have similar trends to those of alginate microbeads, and the adsorption capacity varies with the synthesis concentration of chitosan nanoparticles. In addition, the adsorption for both chitosan nanoparticles and alginate microbeads behaves differently in low concentration copper sulfate solution and high concentration solution. The Langmuir isotherm fits the low concentration region well and correlation coefficients were determined. In contrast, approximately linearly increasing adsorption was observed at higher solution concentrations.

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See more of this Session: Environmental Applications of Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials
See more of this Group/Topical: Environmental Division