Equilibrium Behaviour of a Novel Gas Separation Process, with Application to Carbon Capture

Wednesday, November 10, 2010: 12:30 PM
252 A/B Room (Salt Palace Convention Center)
Martin B. Sweatman, Chemical and Process Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom

A novel gas separation process proposed recently [1] is described and analysed in the context of carbon capture. It involves a highly selective absorbent fluid below its saturation pressure adsorbed into a porous solid. This fluid simultaneously forms gas-like and liquid-like regions within the porous solid depending on the pore size. When a gas mixture is passed through this modified material it is selectively absorbed by the liquid-like regions, leading to separation of the gas components. A novel ‘pressure-swing wetting layer absorption' process is used to recover the absorbed gas. This work examines the equilibrium behaviour of this process in the context of carbon capture using the density functional theory (DFT) of classical fluids. The DFT model employed represents the porous solid in terms of ideal graphitic slit-pores, and a ternary fluid model is calibrated to represent mixtures of tetrahydrofuran (the absorbent fluid), carbon dioxide and nitrogen. Under the conditions investigated here we find that the equilibrium behaviour of this system is superior to the analogous pressure-swing adsorption process without solvent. However, further experimental and process modelling work is needed to confirm this.

[1] M.B. Sweatman, Chemical Engineering Science, in print.

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See more of this Session: Advances in Distillation & Absorption IV
See more of this Group/Topical: Separations Division