Carbon Dioxide Capture Using Ionic Liquid 1-Butyl-3-Methylimidazolium Acetate

Wednesday, November 10, 2010: 12:30 PM
Grand Ballroom G (Marriott Downtown)
Mark Shiflett1, David Drew2, Robert Cantini2 and A. Yokozeki3, (1)DuPont Central Research and Development, Wilmington, DE, (2)DuPont Engineering, Wilmington, DE, (3)DuPont Fluorochemicals, Wilmington, DE

Carbon dioxide capture using aqueous amine scrubbing is currently considered the most feasible option for separating CO2 from post-combustion flue gas. Using simple absorption and stripping configurations, monoethanolamine has been commercially demonstrated to effectively scrub CO2 from post-combustion flue gas. However, the current capital and operating costs are high and do not meet the Department of Energy's target to remove 90% of the CO2 from post-combustion flue gas with no more than a 35% increase in the cost of electricity. The evaluation of advanced absorbents, adsorbents and membranes is under way in order to find the most energy-efficient CO2 capture technology. We have modeled an ionic liquid that can reduce the energy losses by 16% compared with a commercial monoethanolamine process. The choice of the ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate, has not been optimized but was chosen based on chemical absorption behavior and the desire to understand performance. Engineering design estimates indicate that the investment for the ionic liquid process will be 11% lower than the amine-based process and provide a 12% reduction in equipment footprint. A parametric study indicates that the energy losses may be reduced by an additional 33%, which could meet the Department of Energy CO2 capture target.

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