Compact Hydrogen Storage with Extended Dormancy In Cryogenic Pressure Vessels

Monday, November 8, 2010: 8:40 AM
Alta Room (Marriott Downtown)
salvador M. Aceves, Engineering, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

LLNL is developing cryogenic capable pressure vessels with thermal endurance 5-10 times greater than conventional liquid hydrogen (LH2) tanks that can eliminate evaporative losses in routine usage of (L)H2 automobiles. Cryogenic pressure vessels can be fueled with ambient temperature compressed gaseous hydrogen (CGH2), LH2 or cryogenic hydrogen at elevated supercritical pressure (cryo-compressed hydrogen, CcH2). When filled with LH2 or CcH2, these vessels contain 2-3 times more fuel than conventional ambient temperature compressed H2 vessels. LLNL has demonstrated fueling with LH2 onboard two vehicles. The generation 2 vessel, installed onboard an H2-powered Toyota Prius and fueled with LH2 demonstrated the longest unrefueled driving distance and the longest cryogenic H2 hold time without evaporative losses. A third generation vessel has been installed, reducing weight and volume by minimizing insulation thickness while still providing acceptable thermal endurance.

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