Cotton cellulose, with a volume mean diameter 33.19 micron, was used as the raw material in this study. The diameter of cellulose was reduced to nano/submicron scale as determined by dynamic laser light measurement and illustrated by TEM. Both concentration and milling time affected the average particle size. In general, increasing milling time reduced the particle size. After being milled for 180 min, the highest concentration of 11% exhibited an average particle size (in volume) of 0.769 micron with the volume percentage of nano/submicron particles greater than 68%.
The viscosity of suspension increased with the concentration and exhibited shear-thinning behavior, which can be described by Williamson model. The milling resulted in viscoelastic solid properties when the content of cellulose was 5 to 11%. Nevertheless, for low concentration of 1 and 3%, the suspension exhibited viscoelastic fluid behavior. The results showed that the size reduction to nano/submicron scale induced changes in rheological properties.