1. Synthesis of innovative processes for the cost-effective production of biodiesel from various feedstocks
2. Integration of energy and mass resources within the process
3. Optimization of process design and scheduling for the flexible plant
4. Techno-economic and environmental assessment and sensitivity analysis of the proposed schemes
The developed simulation, integration, and optimization models along with the integrated experiments will provide a new platform that can systematically provide a complete market-sensitive strategy for innovative pathways for producing biodiesel. These new techniques will lay the foundations for fundamental research in the emerging area of sustainable biofuels. A case study is solved to demonstrate the merits and applicability of the devised procedure.