"Smart" Surfaces Formed by Diblock Copolymer Brushes
Dong Meng, Department of Chemical Engineering, Coloraldo State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 and Qiang Wang, Chemical Engineering, Colorado State University, 1370 Campus Delivery, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1370.
We use a self-consistent field (SCF) theory to study the morphological response of diblock copolymers grafted to a planar substrate. One of the two blocks can carry weakly dissociating charges (e.g., poly(acrylic acid)), making the surface responsive to the solution pH, ionic strength and applied electric field, in addition to the solvent selectivity. Three-dimensional, parallel SCF calculations are performed in real space with high accuracy to identify the thermodynamically stable morphology under a given set of controlling parameters. The internal structure of the self-assembled morphologies in the brush and their phase transitions are studied in detail. The effects of chain length, volume fraction of the two blocks and grafting density are also examined.