414b

Nanoporous materials play an important role in chemical engineering, key examples being porous particles used in heterogeneous catalysis and membranes for separation processes. In gas-phase applications, the intrinsic mean free path of the molecules is often considerably larger than typical pore cross-sections. Consequently, diffusive transport through the pores is dominated by molecule-wall interactions, which marks the so-called Knudsen regime.

In previous work [1][2] the effect of fractally rough wall structure on diffusion was studied by kinetic Monte-Carlo simulations, using an analytically tractable randomized Koch surface as test case. This confirmed the theoretically predicted reduction of the self-diffusion coefficient *D _{s }*[3] relative to that of a smooth pore. The underlying theoretical model is based on temporary trapping of a particle in the local labyrinth of surface corrugations, which effectively causes a delay of the particle's global motion only. The pore is modelled as a smooth channel, dressed with “fjords”, which carry the statistical properties of the surface roughness. A particle enters a fjord and after multiple collisions it returns at, on average, the same position. Consequently, it has no effect on the probability

However, these findings seem to contradict the common notion that in a system where interactions between particles are absent, self- and transport diffusivities should be equal. This raised a considerable amount of debate, which eventually led Russ and co-workers [4] to repeat our simulations with slightly modified wall roughness, belonging to the same family of randomized Koch surfaces as used previously. They found equivalence of *D _{s}* and

We will present an analysis of these diverging results. In [4] our simulation procedure [2] was interpreted incorrectly, and in fact the curves (fig.4 in [4]), which are supposed to prove its failure, can be appropriately scaled to the correct ones. While other aspects of our methodology are still under review, we developed new theoretical insights. Translation of a rough pore into an effective smooth pore with trapping at collision points implies that real time should be replaced by *operational time*, accounting for the delays. We will show that this leads to an *effective* average molecular velocity *u _{eff}*, yielding

**References **

[1] K. Malek and M.-O. Coppens, Phys. Rev. Lett. **87**, 125505 (2001).

[2] K. Malek and M.-O. Coppens, J. Chem. Phys. **119**, 2801 (2003).

[3] M.-O. Coppens and G.F. Froment, Fractals **3**, 807 (1995).

[4] S. Russ, S. Zschiegner, A. Bunde and J. Kaerger, Phys. Rev. E **72**, 030101 (2005).

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