Wednesday, 2 November 2005 - 2:10 PM
371e

Application of the Mixalco Process to in-Situ Conversion of Dairy Manure and Chipped Yard Waste for Production of Fuels and Chemicals

G. Peter Van Walsum, Michael Flatt, Erin Doyle, and Reddy Adapala. Environmental Studies and Glasscock Energy Research Center, Baylor University, One Bear Place 97266, Waco, TX 76798-7266

The MixAlco process converts biomass into organic chemicals and alcohols via lime pretreatment; non-sterile, acidogenic digestion; product concentration; thermal conversion and hydrogenation. Because they have low capital costs and relatively simple operation, it is proposed that the pretreatment and fermentation steps of the process may be suitable to be carried out on-location at confined animal feeding operations or municipal landfills. This project investigates converting dairy manure and chipped yard waste into carboxylic acids using a counter-current fermentation system and a solid state percolation system, respectively.

The counter-current pretreatment and digestion system was constructed on a dairy farm in Central Texas and operated for several months to determine the effectiveness of on-site conversion. The system consists of five plastic barrels that serve as both pretreatment and fermentation reactors. The setup is configured with a series of pumps to transport liquids from barrel to barrel enabling the counter-current fermentation system. The application of a percolation system for solid state conversion of particulate biomass is being investigated using chipped yard waste as a model substrate. The percolation experiment is carried out in a 6 foot plastic column reactor that is capable of performing both the pretreatment and fermentation steps. Initial conversion results for both the counter current and percolation systems are presented.


See more of #371 - Reactor Engineering for Biomass Feedstocks (T7005)
See more of Topical 7 - Envisioning Biorefineries

See more of The 2005 Annual Meeting (Cincinnati, OH)